You have just opened your first bottle of your latest batch of homemade wine. Here are some tips and steps for assessing the wines quality.
Wine tasting is a very sensual experience. The sense of smell plays a primary role in evaluating wine by detecting the aromas and flavors of wine. Taste has an important role but can be limited by the tongues ability to distinguish many sensations. Sight is also important and one of the first things to do is to assess the clarity of your wine. Make sure you do that in a clean glass so smudges and spots have no bearing on your viewing.
Look at the color to test the wineís clarity. It should be easy to spot a cloudy, murky or even dirty looking wine. View red wines from the side of the glass and white wines from the top into the glass. When judging wine for clarity make sure it is basically clear and nothing is floating in the liquid. This indicates that the wine has good clarity.
Next test the body of a wineÖ place the glass on the table while you hold it down with you fingers on the foot of the glass. Slide the glass in gentle circles upon the table swirling the wine up the sides of the glass. Look how long it adheres to the sides of the glass when you stop and the wine slowly settles. The longer it adheres the greater the body of the wine. Sometimes the wine wonít adhere. After you have been involved in making homemade wine for a while and have tested a few types you will see the difference.
Now you use your smelling sense. The aromas of a wine are very important in assessing the quality of wine. Even more that taste the aroma can perceive a wider array of fruit, earthy, floral, herbal, mineral and woodsy flavors. Aerate the wine a little by swirling it gently in the glass to lift the aroma out. Draw the scent in and note the different smells you encounter. If you are met with a pleasant bouquet rather than an odor then this is a good sign. If it smells like vinegar, itís gone bad and can pretty much only be thrown out
Lastly you get to taste your wine.
Take a small sip savoring the wine by holding it in the mouth for a few seconds to saturate your taste buds. Purse your lips and breathe in through that small opening so oxygen will pass over the wine and release more flavors and aromas. When the wine is allowed to pass slowly through your mouth it allows you the fullest use of the senses available to the human palate to assess wine.
Pay attention to the aftertaste which is the lingering persistent sensation of flavor. Pausing and focusing through each step will help you distinguish the character of your wine.
Everyone has a different level of sensitivity and recognition of the flavors and aromas. This is why we often come up with different descriptions of each wine we taste. Going through these steps will put you on the right road when it comes to assessing the quality of your own wines and your own personal preferences when making homemade wine.